Medical fasting is also known as therapeutic fasting. Medical fasting includes full abstinence from taking foodstuff and simultaneously a complex physio-therapeutic and cleaning process is carried out. After the medical fasting, a special nutritional re-feeding plan is carried out. There are three basic phases of medical fasting therapy:
- Preparation phase
- Fasting phase
- Re-feeding phase
In the preparation phase of the fasting therapy, the patient undergoes a complex examination to identify the various indications and contraindication of the fasting. If required, consultation with the specialist is prescribed or the hotbed treatment for chronic infection is carried out. For many patients, this method of fasting seems to be very unusual. Hence the usage of this fasting method requires collective and individual preparation.
For the beginning of the treatment, the patientâ€™s consent is required and it is important for the patient to have certain knowledge about the fasting. It is even necessary for the patient to know the method and maintenance of the treatment. Patients should also be taught about the cleaning treatment. It is an important assurance for the schedule of treatment maintenance.
Full Medical Fasting:
Fasting without any limit of water intake is the most popular clinical practice of fasting. This clinical practice is called as moist or full fasting. During the preparation period, the patient undergoes a complex examination and treatment for the chronic infection is done. On the previous night to the day of fasting, the patient should not have dinner. The patient will be given a cleaning enema of at least two liters of water the previous night. In the morning of the first day of fasting, the patient will be given a salt laxative, that is, about 200 ml of water dissolved with 40-50 mg of magnesium sulfate. And from this period completely intake of the food will be stopped.
Depending upon the age, condition of the patient, nosological form and how the patient can bear the fasting, individually the fasting period is dosed out. Usually 7-9 days of fasting is observed for the majority of patients. In some special cases like polyarthritis, psoriasis, bronchial asthma and other diseases which are drug-treatment resistant and in cases of good endurance, fasting therapy can be extended to 18-21 days. Long periods of fasting are not advisable for patients with bad endurance.
In medical fasting, the patient takes at least 1-1.5 liters of boiled water or slightly brewed sugarless tea. Smoking and consumption of alcohol and coffee are strictly prohibited during the fasting period. From the beginning of the treatment intake of drugs must be canceled. It is recommended for the patient to spend the large part of the day walking or sun and air bathing. Sufficient and sound night sleep in a ventilated room should be done. Simultaneously physiotherapeutic, cleaning and strengthening treatments are prescribed and carried out, depending upon the condition and nosological form of the patient.
Patients are examined daily: Arterial pressure and the pulse are checked by the doctor. Patientâ€™s fasting endurance and their dynamics are recorded in the patientâ€™s file. Patients are required to fill a self-observation form.
See Also: Stages of Medical Fast